1. Article from Harvard University school newspaper website, The Harvard Crimson dated May 26, 1893.
  2. Article titled Boston Letter by Charles E. L. Wingate in The Critic, June 3, 1893, p. 373
  3. The laws in Massachusetts were as follows: Massachusetts Acts and Resolves 1885 Ch. 316
  4. Mini Lesson on Black Migration to build background:
    • The Great Migration by Eloise GreenfieldThe Great Migration by Eloise Greenfield (book cover right)
    • The Great and Northern Migration, from the New York Public Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture website.
  5. Article titled Loved by All: Memorial Service to Late Ex-Gov. Russell from the Boston Daily Globe June 16, 1897
  6. Acts and Resolves of 1885 Ch. 316 Amendment of 1893, Acts and Resolves 1893 Ch. 436