National Archieves Historical Document Analysis Form

Preamble to Declaration of Independence:

Bill of Rights

13-15 Amendment

Historical Timeline

Emancipation Proclamation

Additional Notes:

William Monroe Trotter: Bridgewater State University

The Trotter Group: Black Voices in Commentary: About William Monroe Trotter

Images for William Monroe Trotter: Report Images

Google Images: Trotter

The Great Migration: By Taylor Williams

The Great Migration: Up South: African-American Migration in the Era of the Great War – YouTube

The Great Migration: Short - Youtube

Images for the Great Migration: Report Images


Teacher Notes:
Please copy and paste your notes here.

I. State Standard Notes:

(Link): The evolution of political parties: How have political parties been impacted by different immigrant, ethnic and racial group membership. And, what influence have these different grouups had on political parties and legislatures via the vote, membership and exercise of their right to free speech.)

(Focus: The exercise of free speech by African Americans in their fight for equality, including their efforts to influence political parties and politicians via the right to vote and participation in the political process.)
(Link: William Monroe Trotter --- African-American, newspaper publisher, writer and columnist; Early 20th Century activist for equal rights.)

WHI.34 and 35:
(Link): The accomplishments of Voltaire and how his works and life contributed to the growth of democratic principles of freedom of thought, expression and speech.)

(Focus: Francois-Marie Arouet --- pen name --- Voltaire. Enlightenment thinker and writer of the late seventeenth century --- 1694-17 ).

II. Trotter and Voltaire Quotes:


B. Voltaire:

We have a natural right to make use of our pens as of our tongue, at our peril, risk and hazard.VoltaireInjustice in the end produces independence.Voltaire“All the citizens of a state cannot be equally powerful, but they may be equally free.” Voltaire ( --- Voltaire quotes on equality)

Day 3: Do Now: TWPS regarding outlines for Front Page or one well-developed paragraph responding to Lesson Question or Can words really effect change? Are words best? And, "Is the pen of a scholar more powerful than the blood of a martyr?"

Free Speech:


Additional Notes and Sources:

1. Will students complete Voltaire/Founding Documents Comparrison handout? It is probably better to do this when covering chapter 35. (LPH Created Handout - List of Voltaire Ideas/Quotes on top; Below portions of Preamble and 1st, 13th-15th Amendment. Students highlight portions of founding documents influenced by Voltaire. Have dates showing when each founding doucment became effective during the period 1776-1870.)

2. See, M. Napoli sources, Summer Institute sources for clip on the Great Migration.

3.For Lesson 1: Find short video on history channel or Google search with key words, See PBS, Time period, motivations, multimedia and have students complete brief recall/summary exercise. Same for Great Migration; Same for Trotter; Or, complete Venn Diagram or Cause - Effect table addressing Voltaire and Founding Fathers; and Trotter???)

4. Trotter background

5. Model how to decipher quotes and letters first.

6. Computer Lab???

7. Both arrested! Quote regarding same from each.

8. Postcard --- Return to Voltaire's homeland. Irony. Peace Conference ...

James Monroe Trotter was born in Mississippiin 1842, the son a slave named Letitia and her owner, Richard S. Trotter. Around 1854, James Monroe Trotter, his mom and 2 siblings were sent to live in Cinncinati Ohio, a free city. James Trotter was well-educated at a famous school for blacks and taught for a while. Two years after the Civil War began, blacks were allowed to fight in the war for the Union Army on behalf of the North. He served in the Fifty-Fifth Massachusetts, an all black regiment headed by white officers. He distinguished himself and rose in rank from private to second lieutenant. James married Virginia Isaacs (the granddaughter of Thomas Jefferson based on oral tradition). James had a successful career in the office and in politics eventually being appointed to a lucrative political job as recordership of deeds in Washington,D.C.which was the highest federal office held by negroes in this era. They settled in Boston early in their marrage and eventually had 3 children. One of them was named William --- William Monroe Trotter.

Like his dad, William was well-educated. He went to Harvard Universityand distinguished himself. He was the first negro at Harvard Universityt o be elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He was on the typical path of a "colored elite." Salons. Meets wife. He considered and hoped for a career in business or banking but hit a racial glass ceiling. He eventually decided to pursue a career in real estate. Does well. He meets ... at reading club and decide to open black newspaper, at first thinking this would be a part-time endevour. As time moved on, this part-time interest became a passion to which William Monroe Trotter dedicated his life. He said, ... How he got involved in civil rights. Now let's explore his life and work as newspaper owner, publisher and editor and advocate for equality. Arrested like Voltaire.